Dental implants for edentulous patients
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the loss of all or almost all teeth is regarded as a type of disability, because person loses “masticatory organ”. Tooth loss dramatically affects chewing, digestion, speech, aesthetic and social functions. Wearing the traditional full dentures increases the absorption of the jaw bone. This reduces the possibility to use dental implants in the future, increase demand for the bone augmentation procedures. Thus we provide patients with comprehensive information about the consequences of the loss of teeth, tooth preservation and restoration opportunities. The main strategies to restore chewing function for edentulous patients with implants are the following:
- 4-6 implants and fixed prosthetics
Non-removable (fixed) prosthesis, in the case of edentulous jaw, can be supported by 4 implants (all-on-4 concept), sometimes by 6 or 8 implants, depending on the anatomy and patient expectations. The prosthesis simulates natural teeth for maximum chewing efficiency and aesthetics. The minimum number of implants is 4. Temporary dentures can be placed immediately after the dental implant placement. These cases require careful examination and planning, 3D CBCT scan, surgical guides and so on. The final prosthesis can be made of plastic reinforced with metal, porcelain fused to metal (PFM) and metal-free zirconium oxide materials.
- 2-4 implants and removable implant-supported dentures
Removable prosthesis are retained by implants very well and has a great esthetics. Four implants are utilized for the upper jaw, and two – for the lower. Temporary dentures can be placed immediately after the surgery. Maintenance is easy as prosthesis can be removed and cleaned outside the mouth. Compared with full removable dentures, it covers the palate minimally and causes minimal irritation in the adaptation period. With this concept, with a minimum number of implants, good chewing effectiveness can be achieved.
- MINI-implants and removable dentures
This is the most cost-effective option, as these implants are one-piece implants, i.e. implant and abutment comes in a one piece. Due to the extremely small diameter (about 2mm), these implants are particularly useful in the cases when there is a pronounced bone resorption and traditional implants require bone augmentation. These prostheses provide good denture stability and esthetics. Temporary dentures can be placed immediately after the dental implant placement. They are easy to maintain and are not only economical, but also offer a quick way to have a good abiding complete dentures.
Dental implant services will be provided to you by our experienced prosthodontist Assoc. Prof. V. Rutkūnas DDS, PhD.