Dental calculus, or tartar, is soft plaque that was not removed and has over time mineralized into dental calculus.
Performing aesthetic fillings, sound dental tissue is not removed, and the deficient tooth structure is restored to create natural, proportionate and beautiful, well-functioning teeth. Aesthetic fillings are placed in layers to imitate natural tooth anatomy. This allows us to create natural-looking teeth, i.e., their shade, transparency, form and individual features.
Sedation is a procedure to improve patient comfort to suppress patient’s consciousness and reduce anxiety using medicines. During sedation, medicines to help patients relax and feel less discomfort are administered. It is not general anesthesia (narcosis). Patient does not sleep, but is relaxed, feels no fear, some times sleeps, but is easily woken up. The patient no longer feels irritated by the environment, and may not remember some or any of the procedure.
Sedation may be used for people who feel anxious during dental procedures. Sedation is also suitable for those who:
Do not want to know what is happening during a procedure
Will be undergoing a long or complex procedure
Cannot sit still in a dental chair
Have a low pain threshold
Have a pronounced gag reflex or are constantly choking during treatment
A dental implant is a special titanium screw that is inserted in the jawbone to replace the root of a lost tooth, and is used as a support for a tooth crown or a removable denture.
Dental implants heal for 99.8% of patients; however, some conditions affect dental implant integration, therefore, it is important to provide detailed information about you health.
Dental implant placement is a procedure usually performed under local anesthesia to prevent any pain, and sedation may be performed, if necessary. The amount of time needed depends on the number of implants placed (placement of a single implant takes about 1 hour). If bone augmentation or sinus lift is performed, the procedure takes more time.
Implant placement results may deteriorate if patient’s oral hygiene habits are insufficient or if the patient does not follow the doctor’s directions. Potential risk factors are uncontrolled periodontal disease, smoking, severe lack or bone tissue, malignancies, etc.
Usually provisional crowns protect the prepared teeth from the environment (e.g., heat, cold, sweet or sour food, infection from the mouth to the deep tissues of the tooth (tooth pulp) or periodontal tissues), which can cause severe pain. Provisional crowns also partially restore the appearance or the smile and chewing function, stabilize the height of the teeth, protect teeth from movement or fracture, and shape the gums around the definitive prosthesis. Wearing provisional restorations patients can make sure they are satisfied with the function and aesthetics of the planned definitive restorations.
Our modern dental implants are highly biocompatible and quickly integrate into the bone. Usually the implants can be loaded after 1.5 months. If dental implants are stable (35 Ncm), the crown can be attached immediately after implant placement. If bone restoration procedure was performed, implant prosthetics are done after 3 to 6 months.
Contrary to porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations, zirconia restorations contain no metal; therefore, there is no risk of adverse reactions to metal alloys (e.g., allergies). These restorations are manufactured using CAD/CAM technology, which ensures high accuracy. Since they contain no metal, they conduct more light and have a more natural appearance. Studies show that zirconia restorations accumulate less plaque, which helps keep gums around these restorations healthier. Porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations are slightly more mechanically resilient, as the porcelain adheres better to metal, compared to zirconia. These issues can be avoided by using transparent zirconia to avoid using porcelain in areas under the highest stress (e.g., the chewing surfaces of teeth).