Dental implants for edentulous patients
World Health Organization (WHO) considers the loss of some or all teeth as a disability due to the lost chewing ability. Furthermore, tooth loss has a profound effect not only on chewing, but also on digestion, social life, appearance and speech. If these cases are solved using conventional complete removable prostheses (dentures), it increases the bone resorption (bone loss) and there are less possibilities to perform implant treatment later on.
We fully inform our patients about tooth preservation, the consequences of tooth loss and prosthetics.
The most common methods used during implant treatment aim to restore the chewing function and other functions.
The main options of implant treatment to restore chewing function in patients with partial or complete tooth loss are:
Fixed prostheses on 4-6 implants
In an edentulous jaw, a non-removable (fixed) prosthesis might be supported by 4-6, sometimes 8 implants. This treatment method ensures highest chewing efficiency and aesthetics, since the prosthesis closely imitates natural teeth. The number of implants depends on the patient’s anatomy. The lowest possible number is four implants (one of the currently most popular methods All-on-Four). Temporary prostheses may be provided immediately after implant placement. Before the procedure, thorough examination is necessary, as well as treatment planning, 3D computed tomography, surgical guide preparation and other setup steps.
Temporary prostheses are later on replaced by definitive prostheses made of porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM), metal-reinforced plastic or all-ceramic zirconia. Polymers (PEEK/PEKK (Pekkton)) are especially suitable for patients who want to avoid removable dentures. Polymers are very durable, and currently it is the most modern method of prosthetics in situations when the patient has lost all or most of their teeth.
Removable prosthesis on 2-4 implants
This treatment option provides aesthetics and great stability (secure connection on the implants). They are also very easy to look after, since the prosthesis is cleaned outside the mouth. Using this method of implant treatment, four implants are placed in the upper jaw and two or four implants placed in the lower jaw. As was written previously, temporary prostheses may be provided immediately after implant placement. Compared to complete removable dentures, this treatment option allows to avoid covering the palate and causing discomfort due to the gag reflex. Chewing efficiency is restored using even the smallest number of implants.
Removable dentures on mini implants
This is the most affordable treatment options, since the implants used do not need a separate abutment (they come complete with the connecting component). This method is also useful if a significant amount of bone is lost and conventional implants would require bone augmentation (surgical restoration) procedures. Mini implant diameter is very small (approx. 2 mm), therefore augmentation procedures are unnecessary.
Such prostheses are stable and aesthetically pleasing, and temporary prostheses may be provided immediately after implant placement. They are easy to look after. This solution is not only cost-efficient, but also quick – the patient can have secure removable prostheses in a short amount of time.
Nowadays patients often do not have a lot of time, some of them come for treatment from abroad. Our experience and modern technologies allow us to provide quick and effective services.
Dental implant services are provided by our qualified prosthodontist doc. dr. Vygandas Rutkūnas.
Book a visit via phone: +370 657 77747